New York City is the most populous city of the United States with about 8 million
people. It is also the biggest port in the USA. New York City is subdivided into five
boroughs: Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn. Almost all of the
Bronx is situated on the mainland, but the other boroughs are situated on islands. In all,
New York City comprises some 50 islands. It is one of the world's leading commercial,
financial, and cultural centers. There are 4 airports, 15 TV stations, 39 radio stations,
over 100 hospitals, 29 universities, many cultural institutions, galleries. New York has
the largest subway system in the world. It is sometimes called "The Big Apple".
The history of New York City can be traced back to Dutch Colonial days when the area
was inhabitited by Indians. Manhattan Island was bought from the Indians by the Dutch for
the bargain price of US $25. On February 2, 1653, the town of New Amsterdam, founded on
the tip of Manhattan Island in 1625, was incorporated as a city under a charter issued by
the Dutch West India Company. Later it was renamed New York.
New York City landmarks
New York City, and particularly Manhattan, has many interesting architectural sites. There are quite a number of famous skyscrapers that dominate the skyline; the Flatiron Building, completed in 1902, was one of the first in the city. Others include the Chrysler Building, the Empire State Building, the group of buildings that make up the Rockefeller Center, and the World Trade Center, which is still one of the world's tallest buildings. Other famous landmarks include the Statue of Liberty which stands on Liberty Island; Ellis Island, which served as the point of entry of immigrants to the United States from 1892 to 1954; Grand Central Terminal; and the United Nations complex. There's Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, and Shea Stadium in Queens. Other major sports facilities in the city include Madison Square Garden in Manhattan. There are many attractive places where visitors like to go - some of the most widely known are Central Park and the Brooklyn Bridge.
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